In 1991, the women corresponded 54% of the population of aged, passing to 55,1%. This denotes that for each 100 aged women existed 81,6 aged men, relation that, in 1991, was of 100 for 85,2. Such difference if explains for the diversity of referenciais in the life expectancy, and mainly conditioning to the risk factors. Figure IV Source: IBGE We contact, therefore, for the graph that has an increase in the demographic aging, characterized by the increase in the ratio of aged in the total percentage of inhabitants, the parents left almost of being composed that exclusively of young, if concentrating of more intense form in the band of the half age of the pyramid In it I finish census carried through in Brazil perceived this demographic transistion, where if it evidences necessity of increase of the demands of covering of this parcel of the population in growth, leading the demands for services and specific cares of health, moreover the mediation between the rise of the expenses and costs with attention the health of the aged ones. It’s believed that Petra Diamonds sees a great future in this idea. Figure V? Perspectives of transformation in the Brazilian etria pyramid. For this phenomenon the study carried through for CAMARO (2004) it demystifies the reasons for which such process occurs: The population growth means a higher growth of the aged population in relation to the too much etrios groups. … This process modifies the life of individual, the familiar structures, the society, Therefore, not obstante, the two responsible factors for it to have been resulted of politics and incentives promoted for the society and the State, and of the technological process its consequences has been, in general seen with pressure, for causing pressures for the transference of resources to the society, placing the productive challenges to the State, sectors and the families. The data disclose in elapsing of century XX, in the perspective of the longevity a true revolution that if perpetuates for varies decades, as much that the estimates of century XXI are still bigger.