Petroleum Exporting Countries

Eurocentrism has arisen in the Age of Discovery (mid XV century. – Mid-XVII century.) Dominate the world when the Europeans made a great leap in the development of science, technology and production. In the Renaissance (Renaissance) was formed and consolidated view of European civilization as the direct heir of the ancient world. All nations and civilizations are considered from the point of view reflected in their history and culture of acquaintances, Europe, the devil, moreover, these features are not the same for Europe. Classic Eurocentrism to the west of the Rhine said the benchmark European Greece and Rome, Italy, France and England. Scientists between the Rhine and the Oder include an understanding of the "European" Byzantium Germanic and Balkan lands. Thinkers of the Eastern European countries represent its history and culture differently: they view Russia as the bearer of European civilization, including the vast Asia. There are two main points view on Eurocentrism.

According to one, are isolated from each other "organisms", "monad," as they called the German philosopher, early XX century. Spengler. According to another, are inalienable and going in general similar stages of development part of the whole world. Scientists divide the local civilization under the terms of their appearance (eg, river civilizations), social and economic development (trade civilization "), connect time, religious and territorial definition ("of medieval European Christian civilization"). In this case, a number of countries in Europe, North America and East Asia with the most sustainable socio-economic structure. Economic development, information and scientific resources, high population of these States can actually determine the direction of development of human civilization.

Among the developed countries are particularly members of the Group of Seven – the United States, Canada, Japan, Germany, France, Britain and Italy. For example, the U.S. and Western European countries impose such restrictions on imports from the Asian cars, steel, consumer electronics, and Russia – on the import of cars of foreign production. In developed countries it is widely practiced by agricultural protectionism to protect its producers and the domestic food market. Development of integration leads to the emergence of collective protection (eg, OPEC – the Organization of the – Petroleum Exporting Countries). EEC countries have eliminated all trade barriers among themselves, but against other countries adopted a common policy restrictions.