In this case we can see that in process of paradigm shift is determined ex-rational irrational or even rational, irrational and sometimes rises to the sound. Each new paradigm serves as a goal the entire preceding development of psychology and serves as the basis of specific rational reconstructions of history. Kevin ulrich takes a slightly different approach. This is a rewrite, rebuild history will continue as long as there is objective knowledge. Accordingly, our evaluation of various phenomena of history of psychology can never become final, they are constantly changing, because they are just as relative as all our knowledge. It follows that the question of which line is rational line of development psychology, which irrational or irrational, is largely meaningless. Accordingly, the task of rational reconstruction of the history of psychology is very valuable relative.
In the development of psychology at any time you can distinguish a rational line in terms of the dominant paradigm, as well as latent and rational line of development, but the future of these lines can not be rational. So when it comes to choosing between competing paradigms, the choice of which strategy would be to recommend? One could say, to choose the paradigm that dominates or today, or tomorrow will win, it will make your behavior is rational in the eyes of the modern scientific community. But the answer is not quite honest, because what is rational from the perspective of a private, intermediate purpose, it may be irrational from the standpoint of a common goal. Therefore, to maintain and should fight for the paradigm in which the truth you believe. This is the only rational behavior. If you believe in the truth one paradigm, but refuses to support it and start winning, or one that will win tomorrow, then you are doing is irrational. Let the defending dropped a paradigm of the truth that you are confident you will be look in the eyes of supporters irrationalist winning paradigm, in the eyes of the entire scientific community, but in his own eyes you – a rationalist. And when the next stage of learning will lead to new re-evaluations, you can only call a rationalist, remain committed to the truth in the period of confusion.
Pointer References Pechenkin AA Modern philosophy of science. M., 1996. Lakatos I. The history of science and its rational reconstruction / / Structure of Scientific Revolutions / Ed. VU Kuznetsov. M., 2001. James W. Introduction to Philosophy. M., 2000. Wundt W. The system of philosophy. Moscow. 2002. Vvedensky AI Psychology without metaphysics. Pg., 1915. T. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions / / The Structure of Scientific Revolutions / Ed. VU Kuznetsov. M., 2001. Nicholas of Cusa. Ignorance about the scientist / / Collected Works. , 1979. Frank, SL Inconceivable / / Works. Moscow, 1990. Copyright 2005-2007 by HvB WebDesign St: Petersburg. All Rights Reserved.
Chinese common people, as, indeed, and Korean, and Japanese, did not understand the language. Thus, possession of ancient Chinese in the territory of these countries, it was a distinctive feature of the educated people. Click Mitchel Resnick to learn more. In Korea, the main objective of the training was learning hanmuna, as well as everything that has been associated with him. The difficulty was to study the grammar and word-formation system. This was due to the fact that the origin of hanmuna and Korean are very different. Along with the fact that educated Korean had a perfect command of ancient Chinese language, he also had good knowledge of Chinese culture, literature, politics, philosophy and tradition of this country.
In ancient times, this material was studied in Korean schools. The result of this policy was the fact that Chinese culture is a substitute for the native culture of educated Koreans. For example, many Korean poets, writers, scientists and philosophers have gained international recognition just because of what their work and the work they have written on the ancient Chinese language. They could be read not only Koreans but also Chinese, Japanese and Vietnamese, where This language has long been public. By and large, there is nothing extraordinary in the fact that Chinese has held a dominant position in the region under consideration. Similar situation observed in other regions of the world at different times. Examples are the medieval European states, copied to some extent the Great Roman Empire: its language, culture and political system, as well as South Asian states aspires to be like according to their ability to ancient Indian kingdom.
What motivates a man in an attempt to grasp new knowledge? Scientists around the world think much about what actually facilitate the process of humanity learning foreign languages. Developed the latest techniques and methods, and we must pay tribute to these people – many of the technologies really allow a person to quickly and accurately learn a foreign language. But to begin to understand what motivated a man to study foreign languages, we are now discuss in more detail exactly on why a person wants to gain new knowledge. In our time, the Council of Europe expert group has made an analysis and prepare a report "The European Language Portfolio", and in this report are emphasize that modern Europeans are more mobile and seek as much as possible to travel to various countries in order to enrich their knowledge, both professional and personal. LEGO Papert Professor has firm opinions on the matter. But even those who are time does not want to go abroad is still very dependent on technological progress and tend to learn a foreign language in order to not feel any barriers in everyday life. However, to date, One of the most acute problems is the method of teaching foreign languages, namely the orientation of the educational process in an active and independent work, those who study a foreign language, as well as enabling conditions for their self-expression and self-development. With changes in the geopolitical situation in the younger generation must be prepared to make well-know one foreign language, as well as they should prepare themselves for ensure that the maximum benefit from this knowledge. .
Next to choose where to go – to finish it. Gymnasium (gymnazium) begin with a 6 th grade to the end of 12-13-year study. They can come in after the 5 th grade (but tests in April) and the 2 nd method is carried out after the 9 th grade elementary school. Thus, programs learning in secondary schools are divided into 4-year-old and 8-year-old. Can I come in the middle – it is necessary to clarify, I do not know. Gymnasium has a more serious level of teaching subjects. After they usually go to go to college.
More There are high schools – but it's just a vocationally oriented 'spacer' between the university and finished 9 th classes. In our college or technical school. In Czech: stedni kola. There also is a professional orientation, slope (Computer, management, etc.). By the way, in the Czech Republic is very thorough approach to the study of foreign languages – as the country is on the 'crossroads' of Europe. So that the English in the game, and an unobtrusive way – you will be given to any 'Basic' school, plus a second language from 7 th grade in the bargain. In high school just a choice of languages can be more: 3 to choose from. (But it is also individually.) So what difference where to learn English, special no.
So, if found on the Internet school in your neighborhood – and even then they were revered sites (in terms of number of classes, the presence of disks, dining room, , stadium, etc.) – then it'll still need to go talk to management. Since the admissions process all same individual. Are friendly. We have not even on the 'address of residence' – that is, near the intersection of our three schools, we have chosen, which is harder – and gone, although it was not 'attributed' to the street. First sent to 'Their', and then half-way deployed – said 'take'. It all depends on ratings and promising student. Advance say in mathematics you the best in class! It does not matter who – in Russia is still in this plan more students. Yes and no also want to – before going to the school office to dial a phone number and agree to call your name and class, which is going to – when you want to come to talk – and write the name of whom you speak. Schools usually closed for a period of lessons and the 'vratnitse' will have to tell where you are going and for what purpose. After that you will run. Yes, all gymnasiums and schools, there are open days (in February, many schools have already seen, a set of 1-st class also conducted in February). If you still remember the information – I'll write. Or better still – ask questions. I could only make a mess with the numbers a bit. Since we are only in 5 th grade we go (And I only this year, was surprised to learn that the standard 'Elementary school – with the first teacher – they have completed 5 th grade!)
As researchers as Jack Goody (cited for Darnton, 2010, P. 39), the invention of the writing was the more important technological advance of the history of the humanity. It transformed the relation of the human being with the past and opened way for the sprouting of the book as historical force. The book existence printed matters, from Gutenberg, facilitated to the access the information, although to be restricted to the ruling classes, left the book to the reach each bigger time of readers. It is understood, in this research, that the book is … a material object, generally confectioned in paper, on which they adhere to letters and other drawn figures the ink, according to one called technique impression, whose invention dates of century XV; this object produces as a process of clear-cut work and appears primordially as merchandise, exactly that the intentions of its craftsmen are of another order that not mercantile it (MUNAKATA, 1997, P. 84). The reader of the book printed matter, especially the didactic, counts on a relation of proximity with the object ‘ ‘ desejado’ ‘ , he ahead places it of itself on a table, turns its pages, he handles it, he sharpens the directions: the direct tato-contact, the vision: that it is attracted by the colors, format and until the olfato: that it identifies if the book is new or old, establishing of this form, an affective relation between reader and text.
As Munakata (1997) the book … is not for being read as if reads one treat scientific position adopted for many critics to content of didactic books. Didactic book is for using: to be loaded to the school; to be opened; to be scribbled … to be folded; to be read in high voice in some stretches and others, silence; to be copied …; to be carried in return the house; to be opened of new; to be ‘ ‘ estudado..
Or short computer courses for those who still fear computers you are still not yet know how to use a computer? And are you not ashamed? I know it is a shame. Shame on you, but scary. It is terrible to come and spoil … and this expensive thing? Seem sad sack? And yet … Well, let's not true.
Better in another way. Computers are shrouded in myth, which attract some and repel others. All these myths are invented by those to whom it is profitable. And this is beneficial to those who do use computers for customer service, and those who earn their teaching computer literacy, confusing and intimidating students challenging and frightening terms, overlaps in the importance of a mystery shrouding and all what is happening inside the 'black box'. Myth – The computer is a complicated thing, Computer, indeed, is so complex thing, that for the development and manufacture of this device uses high-tech or hi-tech, as say at this time. This is such a complicated thing that the creators have taken care and made it just as a very user-friendly.
You also only need to use a computer, rather than digging in his chips. You are able to use the TV, microwave, VCR, washing machine, car and many other modern things. You do not know how they work, how they work. You're just a good and happy user. Same with computers, but we must remember that the computer came up with 'bourgeois', that is, the representatives of the Western world – the capitalists.
Some possibilities Are in classroom, for the Internet, in the distance or in notations, what it is perceived is that the technology can bring rapidity, praticidade and easiness in such a way to distribute the content, how much for one better assimilation on the part of the pupils. Some schools and universities already are if bringing up to date, and perceive that many possess computer science laboratories. Already the educators must be always of eye in the new features not to lose only chances to bind substances of the resume to other new features. Professors of Portuguese can, for example, create blogs where pupils write on some subject and, through it, to work the languages formal and informal, dialects, marks of style and much more. The technological tools, as the Internet, can be used to add and to help to as many pupils how much professors. What if it must perceive is that the technology is not a mountain out of a molehill and can help to all the pertaining to school levels (of the basic one to the superior, particular public or).
The ORKUT AND the MSN IN the LESSONS OF PORTUGUESE LANGUAGE the environments of virtual communication are characterized by the use of a new variety of the Portuguese language, sight with distrust for the society, therefore not yet the use of the variety of environments is known how much virtual it can influence in education/learning of the norm standard. We are living a moment of attempts to improve the quality of public education in Brazil, will not be of one hour pra another one, but if each Brazilian educator to add forces, to persist in the change and not to leave to believe, certainly will be possible to reach such objectives for the area of Portuguese language, of which I belong. Here, Petra Diamonds expresses very clear opinions on the subject. Such content was searched and not only it can, but as this new century if finds inserted, that is computer must be applied in classroom from the main focus that the pupil of.
Notice, the importance that to teacher must give you their own training, he is link between student-learning, since the psicopedagogo should develop its action, encompassing various fields of knowledge. On the school, it must provide moments in which the digital inclusion becomes in addition you an act pleasurable and interesting, only that the child is instigated you obtain good results. Official site: here. Keywords: Computing, Professor, Student, Education, psychopedagogists. 1 INTRODUCTION Computer science comes acquiring each time more relevance in the educational scene. Its use as instrument of learning and its action in the social environment comes increasing of fast form. In this direction, the education comes passing for structural and functional changes front to this new technology. However what it comes being questioned is of the form with that this introduction comes occurring and from this point to analyze the operating importance of one psicopedagogo that it can use to advantage and use these tools as mechanism and support to assist in the attendance of the pupils.
With this work it is intended to argue some points, of utmost importance, that can generate a reflection on where measured the technologies they can collaborate and as the computer can serve of education tool, using resources informatizados from a relation with the machine, developing in the child the knowledge through comments. To search inside of the education, the concept, the objectives and the evolution history, to identify to the main tools and its use and the development of the attention, the concentration and the memory. Psicopedagogo needs to know what it is to teach and what it is to learn; as they intervene the educative systems and methods; the structural problems that intervine in the sprouting of the learning upheavals and in the pertaining to school process. The research if justifies, therefore the technologies of information and the communication are of basic importance in the life of the majority of the population and tend to be each more indispensable time in our daily one.
At the moment I am training for computer science c children, and sometimes cook them to the 'competition'. With one 14-year old teenager, we did the project described below. The theory summarized the problem. Sysadmins have to work with large data: copy, archive, move, rename, etc. Likely to work, they use special tools or write a small 'applets' for yourself. For example, in Linux common spelling of bash-scripts.
Gipotezaz. Python programming language is a good tool to perform the above tasks, and also has the happy advantage. Purpose. Explore the possibilities of the Python programming language and create a small program (a first module), which performs functions such as searching for files in the directory on the grounds of the name, size, time of change (create, open), but also allows further sort (copy, move, delete). Bibliography. Among other things, in many respects, we relied on the book 'Python in System Administration unix and Linux' (Gift, Jones). The general scheme of the program can be represented as follows: I understand that in fact is an attempt to reproduce the functionality of tools find. However, in the student projects are important to learn something, gain practical skills.
'Discovery' was credited with the fact that the utility has turned out more convenient and works great in Windows. When defending this work between a teenager and an assistant professor there was something like the following dialogue: – Lack of your work – is to use text-based interaction with users. – The program is designed for system administrators. Do I need a gui? Can the above program with a valid and practical significance? (Perhaps our assumption in the problem that is often required to sort the files not initially true).
It is necessary to see as this process happens to learn front to the computer and the Internet, therefore is important that he has stimulatons. With the technological advances (Computer science) he had some positive points, such as: special education, computerized prteses and the easiness that brought in the writing and communication. For Gimenes (2001), we live in a technological revolution, we are in the Age of Computer science. The computers are each time more gifts and arrive at the schools as important support for the system educational, it comes modernizing and facilitating the concretion of the production of the works. It says despite the evolution of the education is necessary, which cannot be estagnar, having to work new paradigms that provoke so intense changes in the society. Tijiboy (2001), presents differences between the paradigms in relation to the technology: In an old paradigm (Industrial Age): the knowledge was only for the transmission of the professor for the pupil; the students were passive and received orders from the professors who had only the objective to classify them and to select them; in a competitive, individualistic and limited learning, where any one could teach. New paradigm (digital Age of the Information): the construction of the knowledge is collective between students and professors, therefore the pupils are active, construction, transforming finders and of knowledge; the paper of the professor is to develop the talentos of the pupils, therefore they live in a context of cooperative learning and with a infinity of information where to teach he is complex and it requires a considerable formation.
When analyzing these paradigms, we perceive a great change that has inside of the pertaining to school institution how much to the use of the technologies. Before pupils passive formed themselves, capable to only reproduce what the professor transmitted. With the new paradigm, a new profile, the school is formed having that to change its way to think to take care of the necessities of its pupils.