Firstly, the 10,000 annual connections originally agreed in the contract, Lydec only made a total of 1,250 between 1997 and 2007. Second, public opinion critical of the fact that the connection cost, which amounts to almost 800, is exorbitant for people whose average income of 1,600 per year. To read more click here: LEGO Papert Professor. In addition, suburban areas, where water and sanitation are most needed, incomes are much lower. This contrasts with figures for the combined revenue from private companies in charge of private management in the three outbreaks Urban mentioned: these benefits amounted to 8 billion dirhams, about 704 million euros, corresponding to between 2 and 2.5% of GDP in Morocco. Also, the investment that had contractually committed Lydec has been inadequate: the 3815 agreed billion dirhams, the company has paid only 2074 billion dirhams, ie, only 54% of the agreed total. Finally, in regard to professional actions, Lydec benefits divided by 2009, the date stipulated in the contract. In fact, between 2003 and 2006, Lydec had distributed 560 million dirhams. In addition, Lydec broke the law by unreasonably transferring 678 million dirhams, 85% of the capital purportedly contributed by Lydec, shareholders and overseas suppliers.
Conclusions and Solutions Several associations and institutions, including the Association for World Water Contract Morocco (ACME-Maroc), consider these two cases as examples of the wrong approach by the Moroccan government. The ACME criticized what they your opinion is an unfair and ineffective economic policy that turns citizens into consumers. Considering that the state is incapable of managing water and only the market can manage the new methods needed for an efficient distribution of this resource, policy makers are becoming more serious, in fact, itself the critical problems of water scarcity and sanitation. These organizations require that access to water is considered a fundamental human right and that their distribution is organized as a social service as a business and not regulated by the arbitrary laws of supply and demand. They also challenge the decisions of the World Water forum, dictated by the large private water holdings in the world, the Moroccan government and require a critical approach to these economic interests. They also propose that the promotion of activities related to production and distribution of water is based on a public-public partnership between countries of North and South and between various Southern countries. Finally, these organizations require the establishment of credible mechanisms to include civil society in monitoring and controlling the activities of public bodies, so as to apply the principles of participatory democracy.
As solutions, the ACME suggests the short-term reduction of wastage and the reorientation of production toward sectors of water use more economical and less polluting, both in agriculture and in tourism and industrial sectors, particularly in the petrochemical industry. Ultimately, various associations proposed as a solution determining the return of water management at the hands of municipalities, following the example of several countries in the north, so as to ensure the right to universal access to water and public sanitation. If you are interested in water issues in Morocco, I recommend you visit the country to see first hand the problems and explore solutions. They can even stay in one of the many mentioned above, or in a traditional found in the center of the city.