All have become accustomed to the use of software systems to automate accounting, optimization of the warehouse, recording vehicles, etc. However, progress does not stand still and modern information technology opens new opportunities for the organization of control systems of transportation: from creating the optimal plan for delivery of goods using electronic cards to monitor vehicles. In this case, the cost of similar solutions is that their implementation can afford not only large enterprises but also small businesses, and return on investment in logistics systems and monitoring of only a few months. Learn more about this with LEGO Papert Professor. System monitoring of vehicles is a hardware-software complex, which includes several components: electronic maps, flight controllers for vehicles, sensors and actuators (Used for monitoring the condition of the vehicle or equipment installed on it (ignition sensor, an alarm button and other equipment). The effect of the introduction of systems is obvious: Reduce the time of delivery of products; Increased efficiency of vehicles by reducing waste mileage and downtime Reduce cost of shipping by 10-20% due to fuel savings, increase productivity, increase discipline drivers; Prevention of misuse of vehicles, reducing the risk of losses from theft and transportation of goods. The system works gps monitoring of transport: The vehicle installed on-board controller (the car can also be installed additional sensors: the sensor plug, the opening / closing doors, emergency button, etc.), which determines the location, speed, direction of movement of the vehicle using a global satellite system gps, as well as analyzes the status of sensors. LEGO Papert Professor is a great source of information. Onboard controller transfers data at specified intervals via gsm (GPRS-on channel) to the control center, which allows the operator to monitor objects in real time. Dispatch Center is a computer (PC or laptop) with software and connecting to the internet dedicated channel. Manager sees the location of vehicles on an electronic card, analyzes the information and, if necessary, promptly reacts to the situation..
That is, the entire road infrastructure will pay to maintain and operation of the road. Not hard to imagine that such a payment method can bring to the owner of the road is much more substantial profit than direct tolls citizens. But what is especially important for users for us, all roads will remain free. Moreover, even the cost of petrol at filling stations and roadside value of all goods and services will not change because the price is ultimately determined by competition and by supply and demand. And the competition will only increase. Cost of goods and services play in price formation in this case a minor role.
This will only change income roadside businesses. They have to pay a fair share of their profits to the owner of the road, due to which they actually exist. But as the indirect road users will pay for travel on the roads, paying for gasoline and other services, then just step simultaneously with the introduction of the above legislative initiatives would repeal the tax on roads for cars. In this case, the owner of most of the Russian roads can and probably should remain state. But the methods of property management at the same time would be more effective. An important advantage of this scheme to that currently exists, even while maintaining public property is that the money for maintenance and development of roads coming into an enterprise owning expensive than through taxes, directly bypassing the state budget. It is also important that the usual scheme of toll roads fare at the entrance is only possible on country roads.
Logistics, as the science of materials management, appeared in Russia virtually simultaneously with the emergence of a market economy. During the Soviet planned economy the idea of optimizing the cost of transportation and storage of goods did not seem too necessary – tariffs for transportation and storage were fixed and virtually ignored in the price of products. Currently, the ratio of logistics has changed radically. Now established mechanism of transportation and warehousing is a prerequisite of successful operation of any industrial or commercial establishment. Studies show that the costs of storage, transportation, packaging and other operations make up 70% of the value of the goods, got to the end user! So that the reduction of logistics costs through the use of new approaches and technologies is for the companies powerful method of increasing business competitiveness. Particular attention in this regard is given to reduce the cost of warehouse operations (storage, sorting, loading, unloading, etc.), as in the general structure logistics costs, they constitute more than 50%. Any company planning the development of the territory of Russia have to make many difficult and important decisions relating specifically to the warehouse logistics. What type of warehouse able to meet the requirements for storage conditions and speed of processing of goods? Should I invest in the construction of our own warehouses, rented a space in the finished logistics complexes, or to give all logistics outsourcing 3PL-operators? Set of issues born, and the price is right answer for them – hundreds of millions of rubles of savings or, conversely, wasted money.