The So Paulo minimum wage takes care of the 105 occupations that are not contemplated agreements or collective conventions of work, generally functions that support of category unions does not have. The readjustment considered for the governor Jose Mountain range was of 10,89%, making with that the So Paulo minimum wage has a percentile increase for 1 bigger band that national minimum wage that was of 9,68%. The first band (R$ 560,00) takes care of the domestic workers, maids, fishing, messengers, workers of the field (known as diligent farming and forest), continuous, assistant of general services clerical, laundrymen, ascensoristas, motoboys, used not-specialized of the commerce, workers of mines and quarries, or workers of movement and manipulation of merchandises and materials that do not belong the unions. The value of readjustment considered for the second band was of 7,55%, passing of current R$ 530,00 for R$ 570,00. The second band takes care of to the professionals who work as agricultural and forest operators of machines and implementos, machines of the civil construction, mining and to cut and to cultivate wood, mailmen, dyers, professionals of beauty hall and centers of embelezamento as: manicures, pedicures, barbers, others. They also contemplate this category: salesmen, dressmakers, bordadeiras, estofadores, masons, workers of preparation of foods and drinks, manufacture and confection of paper and cardboard, workers of tourism services, workers of protection and personal security guard (that they are not part of regional unions), waiters, collectors of collective transport (that they are not part of regional unions), barmen, painters, plumbers, soldering irons, chapeadores, mounters, ceramists, vidreiros, fiandeiros, teceles, tingidores, jewelers, workers of tanning, clerical silversmith, operators of machines, digitizers, operators of telemarketing, attendants and comissionrios of services of passengers, workers of the energy net electric and telecommunications, masters and foremen, marceneiros, mechanical workers of usinagem of metals, adjusters, mounters of machines, operators of installations of chemical processing and supervisors of production and industrial maintenance.
European options – an option of the European type possesss a right that could only be exerted in the date of maturity. The options can be of purchase ' ' calls' ' that to give to the bearer the right to buy or of sales ' ' puts' ' that to give to the bearer the right of vender. The purchase options are used in Brazil, over all of the American type and with them the most diverse strategies are mounted, want either as protection, hedge, want either as leverage, want either with intention to acquire the action object, in the case of the active object to be an action. The purchase option to give the right, to its bearer, to buy the action to one definitive price and in and up to one determined date. In this context, thrower, person who receives the prize, is with the obligation of vender the action object, when he will be requested and until the expiration of the option for the agreed price.
It functions, accurately, the inverse one of the action of sales, that we will see after that. The terminology used in the sales and purchase options is the same ones. The representative series of the expirations of the purchase options, as well as the sales options, are represented by letters of our alphabet, starting for the letter ' ' A' ' finishing in the letter ' ' M' ' , each letter, in this sequence, represents the months of the year. being thus, option VALEA46, to read itself: option of purchase, derivative of action VALE5, with expiration in January and strike R$ 46,00, VALEL46, to read itself: option of purchase, derivative of action VALE5, with expiration in December and strike R$ 46,00. In such a way, if we bought one of the options above, would have that to pay the prize and would be buying the right to buy action object, not it obligation, until or in the expiration of the option for R$ 46,00.
What not necessarily it occurs in the same ratio in the underdeveloped developing countries and, to another part. In the vision of the other part, ' ' the division of the work between the nations consists where some are specialized in earning and others in perder' ' (GALEANO, 1989 apud MARTINEZ, 2005), and international trade, in century XXI characterized by the neoliberal emblem of the globalization, is fixed in the domination system that accents inaqualities. After the World War II, period where the external commerce grew and since when its liberalization is extended with reduction of tarifrias barriers, had been necessary agreements, treated and creation to international institutions. With the fall of tarifrias barriers, new forms of protectionism define preferential partners for the formation of commercial blocks or the intensification of not tarifrias barriers, as restrictions ambient techniques, sanitary and for protection of the health human being, animal, of the plants and the Environment. Of free adhesion, signed in 1947 for 23 countries, the General Agreement of Commerce and Tariffs (GATT) started to invigorate in the following year, impulse to the release of the external commerce. With recognition of that economic and commercial relations between countries must increase quality of life of its citizens, to promote full job, growth of prescriptions and demands, with expansion of the production and exchange of good, it established basic for the international trade, preceding norms of the Agreement of measures Sanitrias and Fitossanitrias (SPS) and the Agreement on Barriers Techniques to Comrcio (TBT), in eight rounds of negotiation, throughout 47 years, until if constituting the World-wide Organization of Comrcio (OMC), in 1995. Having as goals to finish, gradually, with restrictions and protective commercial distortions of not competitive producers and that the competitive prices disable to the consumers acquisition of goods and services, and to keep open and it exempts the multilateral system of commerce under not discriminatory rules for stability of the world-wide commerce, the OMC recognizes International Norms as Obligator base of Voluntary National Norms or Regulations Technician to prevent the creation of barriers techniques that desestabilizem the commerce. .
In 1973 the first shock of the oil and beginning of the world-wide inflection in the wealth generated in 50 and 60. He is not fcl to trace a parallel in the prosperity of the decades of 60 with the ones of the decade of 90, the world is another one. 5-) I insist, the Capitalism did not finish nor is being I coat. The profit still is the best form to generate wealth, job and income. The market system still is most democratic and free. Interventions of governments? Whenever necessary. Optimum system is what of the result and shows performance, the new economic order is mandatria and real, it wants let us want or not. The current crisis only it precipitates and of the contours of adjustments and changes.
6-) The stock markets are volatile not because of the notice of potential world-wide contraction. The world still will grow 2.5% medium to the year according to diverse forecasts. China still will grow 9% and the emergent others as much. Brazil must be with 3,5% or more. The stock markets still if resent at reliable lack, of adjustment of unreal prices and the moment of instability, natural in the way of the confusion.
7-) The confidence of the population not could follow different way at this moment, the pessimism is total, but the world did not stop, was not the first one and nor will be the last crisis of the economy, either regional or world-wide. The difference is that today, all on one sistemicamente, the information circulate fast and finish placing brakes in diverse activities. Plants do not go to close and to break, as well as occurs with the ones of toy Chinese, is inflection, party to suit after absolute prosperity. The wealth is generated by the global competitiveness, for evolution of the price of the insumos, at last, is part of the ascent, but it remembers that the descending exists on the other hand. It broke a Spanish company of aviation and had said that it was the crisis? Wait there, the aviation sector is in crisis has much time, simply was at this moment that gave its bankruptcy, nothing more. The adjustment initiated in the financial system goes to reach other segments, is natural in the globalizada, hardwired and quick economy, but it is part of a process, not consequence of the crisis that we attend in itself. The economic Cycle, I repeat, is the essence of everything. Nikolai Kondratiev (Russian economist of years 30) showed model of economic cycle varying between 40, 60 years. One remembers again that the speed is one of them pillars of the new order, the 0 variable are others, somebody needs to give adjustments in the mathematical model of Kondrantief. He does not advance to be the light of the forecasts of pessimists or optimists. The things had happened with a previsible logic, the actions are being taken for the authorities. Bretton Woods it could never be repeated, as well as the New Deal. Something, as in the past, is already in course, seemed, improved. The effect until will be there what we see now, still diffidence and room in the businesses. Contraction and inflation must happen, but they will be fast movements, I always repeat, the management tools are others, more modern, more efficient, the allied experience the technology and to the new pillars of the global economy they go to make much people if to surprise. It goes to be registered here.