Regulations Technician

What not necessarily it occurs in the same ratio in the underdeveloped developing countries and, to another part. In the vision of the other part, ' ' the division of the work between the nations consists where some are specialized in earning and others in perder' ' (GALEANO, 1989 apud MARTINEZ, 2005), and international trade, in century XXI characterized by the neoliberal emblem of the globalization, is fixed in the domination system that accents inaqualities. After the World War II, period where the external commerce grew and since when its liberalization is extended with reduction of tarifrias barriers, had been necessary agreements, treated and creation to international institutions. With the fall of tarifrias barriers, new forms of protectionism define preferential partners for the formation of commercial blocks or the intensification of not tarifrias barriers, as restrictions ambient techniques, sanitary and for protection of the health human being, animal, of the plants and the Environment. Of free adhesion, signed in 1947 for 23 countries, the General Agreement of Commerce and Tariffs (GATT) started to invigorate in the following year, impulse to the release of the external commerce. With recognition of that economic and commercial relations between countries must increase quality of life of its citizens, to promote full job, growth of prescriptions and demands, with expansion of the production and exchange of good, it established basic for the international trade, preceding norms of the Agreement of measures Sanitrias and Fitossanitrias (SPS) and the Agreement on Barriers Techniques to Comrcio (TBT), in eight rounds of negotiation, throughout 47 years, until if constituting the World-wide Organization of Comrcio (OMC), in 1995. Having as goals to finish, gradually, with restrictions and protective commercial distortions of not competitive producers and that the competitive prices disable to the consumers acquisition of goods and services, and to keep open and it exempts the multilateral system of commerce under not discriminatory rules for stability of the world-wide commerce, the OMC recognizes International Norms as Obligator base of Voluntary National Norms or Regulations Technician to prevent the creation of barriers techniques that desestabilizem the commerce. .