Appearance Flooring

Parquet or laminate? That lay in the apartment? Each of these options has the right to life. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Mitchel Resnick. But it should be taken into account in the first place that the laminate is a Nonrecoverable coating, but it is easy to lay a new one. Laminate flooring is easy to install cover not low-cost during installation. But the laminate is one major flaw, it's not a natural finish. Parquet, in turn, is a natural and frequently updated coverage.

Laid parquet updated many times during the update process can be carried out toning (change form), more environmentally friendly, has a better view. Parquet laminate will last much longer. If the parquet floor has lost its form, then you need to work hardwood (Scraping, sanding, perhaps toning, varnish and oil) and he will find his lost form, and may acquire a new quality and appearance. Thus we can conclude that the cost of laying parquet higher than the cost of laying laminate, but this cost will justify itself in the process of further exploitation. How to remove parquet flooring from stains and dirt? We all certainly know that the operation may appear on the floor stains and dirt different origin. These spots may substantially impair the appearance of parquet flooring, especially if they are to be seen. 'Fresh' to remove stains easier than the 'old', so do not delay the case in the long box and must immediately begin to remove without losing time.

The methodology of removal depends on the origin of the spot and thus to remove it to use various means to udaleniya.Novye stains can be removed easily than long-standing, so do not delay cleaning hardwood floor tomorrow. Depending on the nature of the stain is better to use various tools to remove them. Official site: kevin ulrich. Stains from fruit, milk, wine, soda, tea, coffee cleaner to remove based soap. Stains from oil, rubber, shoe polish, chocolate, butter removes the usual alcohol or thinner. After removing the stains should be wiped with a wet hardwood floor with a clean cloth. How to care for flooring? Rules for the care of parquet floor a bit, but compliance with these rules will help you maintain the beauty of your hardwood floor for a long time and do not require remediation work (sanding, grinding, filling, painting). It should not be immediately after the coating of parquet lacquer or oil to make and install furniture, and preferably should wait about two weeks. Parquet lacquer takes time not only for drying but also the time to complete the crystallization and respectively for the acquisition of the varnish film of the manufacturer's characteristics (abrasion, impact, etc.). Do not use when cleaning a parquet floor wet vacuum, do not spend cleaning badly wrung cloth as this may lead to swelling of parquet flooring. When cleaning the rooms with parquet vacuum cleaner should be used a special attachment for a vacuum cleaner. You should not walk on the parquet floor in high heels and shoes in general, as it can lead to scratches and dents. The biggest enemy of a hardwood floor in time has not cleaned the floor with sand and women's shoes for 'high heels'. The best home on the parquet floor to walk home in soft slippers, in this case and comfortable for you and your parquet floor. Remember that it is easier and cheaper to care for the literate parquet flooring, parquet than a complex of works. Contaminated sites on the parquet brush away the best solvent or lacquer gasoline. Parquet works

Construction and Repairs

All decoration and building work is done the best specialists in the field of construction, decoration and repair. Accumulated experience and high quality of work will make your office or home apartment as comfortable and modern. All types of work include a range of different services that will help not only to create a modern space, but keep it intact for many years, and also guarantee the durability of all components and parts of the room. All work is done with full coordination of your so completely satisfy all your needs and wishes. We guarantee each the client an individual approach, each of our projects is unique. For each client, we develop an individual scheme of work, discuss possible discounts and to offer the most attractive cooperation.

Automotive repair office, apartment, house or cottage. Before starting repairs, you must decide what kind of repair you need. Repair of apartments, offices, cottages can be different in terms of complexity. Someone sufficiently just change the wallpaper, someone needs to lay ceramic tile, porcelain tiles, mosaics, agglomerate, or to lay out panels to decorate the interior decor, but who wants to combine two rooms into one and for this it is necessary to take down one or a few walls. Any repairs can be attributed to one of the forms: – Renovation – Overhaul – Refurbishing – Exclusive repairs So what repairs you choose? Renovation involves repair of apartment, office or home with compliance with all European standards. Skilled craftsmen with experience in European-quality repair, carry out repairs at your premises and you will get a new building meets all European standards of repair. If your home office or apartment needs to be replaced communication, or you want to make alterations, to clean walls and partitions, or conversely a large room divided into several smaller area, then you need a complete overhaul.

Romantic Bedrooms

The idea for a romantic bedroom number 1: make your bedroom into a slightly minimalist style. The absence of a large number of bright distractions and sharp corners calms and pleases the eye. Draw the walls of your bedroom soothing pastel colors. Pick a color of the furniture and bedding. The idea for a romantic bedroom number 2: Create a modern style in your bedroom! This idea is completely opposite to the first: for its implementation must on the contrary to use as many different motifs and bright colors, if desired, even the walls will be painted in bright blue and purple colors! For this purpose, you is the best fit any paint for walls and Dulux ceilings, paint this brand are highly resistant to abrasion, detergents and fading. The color table shows 100 thousand colors, so paint Dulux tinting will give your walls the desired ambiance. All depends on your courage and strength of your imagination The idea for a romantic bedroom number 3: Draw up your bedroom in the good old English style! Furniture for a bedroom should be done in a classic Victorian style, and walls with a predominance of ocher or yellow. The windows need to hang curtains undulating in the English style.

For such a rigid fabric curtains used textures such as taffeta, jacquard or rep with a traditional English pattern. This is strictly a vertical strip in combination with a small floral print or a more severe cell Scotland. The idea for a romantic bedroom number 4: Try to arrange the bedroom in the French pastoral style. Its easiest way to create and I think he is best suited to the romantic bedroom. Arrange your bedroom in the white and green colors, and paint the walls in a refreshing pink or orange. Not bad also will look to the curtains floral prints combined with simple but elegant furniture. Obligatory bouquets of wildflowers and unpretentious vases and cushions of different sizes on the bed.

Construction Tools

Domestic and foreign manufacturers offer a huge selection of construction tools – from traditional, proven over centuries to the latest innovations. Distinguish professional and amateur (Household) tools. Due to the intensity of the use of professional tools are made of better quality, durable, wear-resistant materials. Unprofessional tool more simple and cheap often universal and versatile, handling them requires no special skills. In all cases, construction equipment should be safe and secure. In the arsenal of every member of any construction profession and home craftsman hand tools is necessarily present. This is a real second-hand – skillful and strong.

Hand tools can be a narrow purpose and versatile. The most common hand tools: hammers, keys and a screwdriver, screws, pliers, pliers, kruglogubtsy, side cutters, pliers, uzkorezy, pliers, claw hammer, sledge hammers, chisels, bolt. In the construction and finishing work can not do without a hand tool: – building a brush for various applications, ceiling brushes, rollers – trowels, trowels and floats, trowels, jointing, spatulas, scrapers, and the cycle – the technical and knives for linoleum, glue guns, sealant and foam – tools for working with plasterboard – tools for working with tile and glass (cutting pliers, irons, kafelerezki, tile, glaziers). For the various works on fast, accurate, high-quality cutting in a straight line different materials (metal, wood, stone, ceramics) used cut-off wheels. These special grinding wheels are made from solid alloy and special powder materials. Differ in the degree hardness profile and grain structure with a diameter (110 mm to 400 mm) thick (1 to 4 mm), the type of binder (vulcanite and resin). In addition to non-reinforced cut-off wheels, industry produces reinforced to enhance strength of fiberglass or fiberglass.

Cut-off wheels wear, are not afraid of high temperatures, quickly cooled, they are safe. They are used for cutting hand electric and complex machinery. Cut-off wheels are made of solid metal or metal cutting circular saw blades for wood, not very different solid materials (plastics, nonferrous metals, stone). Made of metal, more durable cut-off wheels with carbide inserts on the edges. To market a wide range of cut-off wheels for different applications with different diameter, an angle of (direct, negative, positive) and its geometry (Trapezoidal sharpened), number of teeth. The quality of construction and finishing works, where necessary to accurately define horizontal and vertical (floor leveling, laying bricks and tiles, marking the holes and lines), tested with the building level. Manufacturers offer various levels of construction: a 300, 500, 700 mm, the aluminum level, alcohol magnetic, magnetic shaped, pipe, hydrostatic. Recently, construction layout technology are increasingly used high-precision laser level. Diamond tools recently introduced widely in the construction of modern, high-performance diamond technology. When processing very hard materials, such as cutting and drilling concrete and reinforced concrete, stone, ceramic brick, diamond tool is commonly used a wide range of applications: installation and diamond drill drilling, drilling a variety of plants using water and dry, rough special equipment (breakers, shvonarezchiki, wall saws), for cutting and polishing (Wall Chasers, cutting and angle grinders machine). Made on the basis of diamond chips diamond cutting and polishing discs and segmented circle, diamond rope saw for cutting reinforced concrete, diamond drills and bits – the fastest, high-quality solution even the most complex and time-consuming tasks.

Assess Long-term Thermal Thermal Insulation

In developed countries, plastic foams for over 50 years are used as thermal insulation products in the form of rigid plates. Long-term heat-engineering parameters of plates made of extruded polystyrene (XPS) were improved the evolution of blowing agents (BA). Products made of polystyrene foam without Freon (CFC, HCFC, HFC) to until the end of 1950. XPS did not churn with the addition of Freon CFC-12 as the "eternal", the long-term component which improves thermal performance XPS. It was found that the diffusion rate of CFC-12 from the XPS boards is very low.

At the same time, it became known that the CFC-12 negatively affects the Earth's ozone layer. In the late 1980s. XPS foaming with Freon CFC-12 was replaced by HCFC-142b, which is equivalent to the CFC by thermo-indicators, but less harmful to the ozone layer. It was found that HCFC-142b has a low coefficient of diffusion through a film of polystyrene. As a result, boards XPS, foam that gas, show the same long-term heat-engineering parameters as thermal insulation, foam CFC-12.

Currently, the developing countries of XPS boards produced mainly using HCFC-142b and HCFC-22. These foaming agents while (until 2010) are used for production of boards and XPS in North America. In connection with the prohibition of the use of CFCs HCFC group have developed a variety of substitutes. One of the best alternatives for long-term thermo-indicators in the production of plates XPS was HFC-134a. Freon HFC group does not contain chlorine. They are much less dangerous to the ozone layer and have a small period of life in the atmosphere. In Europe, where a ban on the use of HCFC-agents used for foaming XPS or carbon dioxide (CO2) in its pure form, or CO2 in combination with hydrocarbons, alcohols, etc. Using CO2 to foam – technically difficult task that requires substantial investment in the reconstruction of existing production lines.

Carpet Waterproofing

Feature exploited in the roof that its base should be rigid. Otherwise not be able to maintain the integrity of waterproofing. The base may serve as a concrete screed, which creates the necessary slope for drainage, or decking. Insulation on a roof will experience increased static and dynamic loads, and therefore must have a high compressive strength. In case of insufficient rigidity of insulation on top of it should be cement screed. For unexploited roof rigid base for laying the carpet waterproofing and insulation are not required strict. Therefore, use of soft.

A service for constructing bridges or roof ladders that help distribute the load on its surface. Such roofs are cheaper, but their life is less than that of the exploited. The design of the traditional flat krovliChto need for a reliable flat roof? In the first queue – the optimal design solution. For its implementation it is necessary to choose a reliable type of coverage and quality materials, high-performance, as well as competent performers. Traditional flat roofs consist of a base on which is laid a layer of vapor barrier that protects the insulation from moisture diffused from the premises. Vapor is a fiberglass-reinforced bitumen-polymer membrane or parobarernuyu film, which is placed over the tie, and at the edge of the roof plant on the vertical plane at a height greater than the height of the heater.

Seams are sealed. Vapor barrier over insulation layer is placed, and it – A protective blanket of waterproofing materials on the basis of bitumen. If the heater is used concrete block, it should be done on a cement screed, and then put two coats of waterproof mat. If, however, make an easy roof design does not provide for loading, roof waterproofing fabric glued around the perimeter of the roof. Aerators on krysheKonstruktsiya traditional roof is not always reliable. When tightness vapor barrier in the insulation gets wet.

Classic Wooden House

The classic version of the log-wood house – the structure with self-supporting walls, or, more simply, a wooden frame. These log homes are classic wooden frame. Of course, they are different projects appearance, methods of logging and log technical parameters, but building them on a common pattern: the same flat logs stacked on each other in a horizontal direction at the corners of their associated special vrubkami – peculiar timbered locks. And obtained self-supporting wooden walls. In the corners of a log blockhouse of the future combined with residue and without the rest – these are different methods of logging in the future depending on the trim and siding.

Cutting walls with the remainder of practice for log homes, not sheathed on the outside, cutting the walls without a trace – at the outside wall sheathing. This technology is cutting a log house tradition thousands of years, and the classic wooden frame of the whole logs have always been and will be, despite all the wealth of advanced materials and technologies, their lovers, which is now more and more. Wooden frame holds heat well at the expense of large diameter logs (22 to 35cm), of which by tradition it is folded. Traditionally in Russia to build a house used softwood – pine, spruce and larch. With conventional technology involves the use of mature forest conifers.

Straight trees are selected the same age and size. Wood ate richly and evenly saturated with resin from a very early age of the tree, the wood is saturated with pine resin only well into adulthood. At the same time predominantly saturated its outer layers. On this basis, the use of small-diameter logs is better to use fir, pine as in this case is still not saturated resin and hence less durable. On the other hand, the richness of wood resins may do a disservice, for example, bath or sauna, where the heat and high humidity so the wood begins to 'weep'.

Laying Solid Wood

Laying solid wood – a new birth with new technology. Massive board is likely ancestor of all modern covers of wood flooring. Wooden flooring solid wood arranged long before the the first mentions of the floor. More recently, solid wood just born again in his new application. Board recently was synonymous with the cheap and low quality wood floor in auxiliary buildings, but Today board has found a second birth and returned to the houses and apartments.

With new technology today is solid wood is the elite and environmentally friendly coating. First you need to define clearly what is solid wood (Array). Massive board is nekleenaya, solid board, made of solid wood. Massive board should not be confused with just another cover – a three-layer parquet. Modern solid wood quality differs from its predecessor, the quality and technology, wood drying, manufacturing techniques, and used the original material (precious wood). Modern solid wood along the edges of ridges and grooves is that allows you to dock the floorboards tightly. Massive board today is a throwback to the old wooden floors in a qualitative change in technology. Solid wood flooring also looks great.

Laying solid board. Premises where solid wood is placed, must meet the technical requirements for installing solid wood. Before laying solid wood stacked material (solid wood) to mature in According to the room (kind of acclimatization). Humidity installable solid wood has to be 8-10%. Massive board is placed in the final stages of repair and decoration. Solid wood can be placed on different ways: a floating mode, laying on the joists, laying on the bottom of the draft tree with fastening nails, laying on the bottom of the plywood with screws and fastening on the parquet glue, laying on the joists and plywood laying on adjustable floor and plywood. More reliable basis for laying solid wood, the more durable and easier to operate it. Cost of laying solid wood on plywood base is higher than the laying of such floating way, but believe that these costs are justified. At the final step necessary to scraping and sanding solid wood floor laid. Then make solid wood finish lacquer or oil, you can do tinting the floor. Oil and wax is a new word in the device, a wooden floor, but is gaining popularity with great intensity. Cover oil provides many benefits and bonuses, compared with lacquered. But even in perfectly laid-quality solid wood over time, the gap may appear as this is real wood, which has its own behavior depending on the time and measurements of the microclimate. But in this kind of charm and natural board. The Germans say for example that these signs only underscores the value of the floor of the wood and the more the board. In our country, of course seasonal fluctuations in temperature and humidity are very important, and the board may be a serious expansion and contraction, this in particular between the stacked sheets of plywood left special expansion joints. But in any case, buying a solid wood, never forget that you are buying natural living tree, which may be different, variations in structure, texture, and cracks. But all the shortcomings of a solid board and its dignity. Massive board is now one of the most popular practical, environmentally friendly and luxury floor coverings made of wood.

Modern Technologies Design

Modern technologies in design and architecture, high-tech entry about high-tech enough written. With the style of hi-tech inextricably linked arrangement of new technology in modern buildings. Hi-tech – urbanized style, so it is close to stylish modern man who likes an active lifestyle. There are features and technology inherent in this style. The objective of this article to help understand what constitutes a high-tech style, and how to draw a modern stylish accommodation. In fact, high-tech residential interiors in its pure form occurs quite rarely, more often it is used in combination with other styles. A kind of hi-tech style is industrial design, minimalism and constructivism (characterized by strictness, geometric, laconic forms). Ethnic hi-tech Not all people like hi-tech, often want to something natural and warm.

For this case, there is one particular style – the so-called ethnic hi-tech. At first glance it seems an impossible task to reconcile the irreconcilable: a rigorous minimalist interior, furniture made of stainless steel and glass, futuristic design, accessories, and immediately next to articles made of natural warm wood, paintings in the style of primitive art. Nevertheless, this variant may be the best compromise solution for those who can not resist the pleasure to bring on a cold heartless world of home appliances and computers a little bit of natural spontaneity. Often the ethnic component of this interior is reduced only to a few decor items, chosen carefully so that civilization and the ancient, future and past merge into one aesthetic whole. Therefore, in recent years in Europe (and we too) all more popular ethnic style in the interior, which is used to create the rich artistic heritage of traditional cultures.


Facades of produce, based on aesthetic, technical and economic points of view. Aesthetic aspect is not particularly worth explaining about it speak eloquently unfinished rows of houses in the villages. + With the technical in terms of delay stucco facade on the walls leads to many defects. Precipitation is impregnated with the surface of walls, masonry elements become wet, do not force yourself to wait and trouble arising due to frost. economic aspect. In the wall, especially if it is composed of smaller elements penetrating moisture, which reduces its thermal insulation and heat. The cost of the additional energy expended in heating a home exceeds the cost of performing plastering work.

Damp walls with ledges mold affect change in the composition of air in the room. All defects inside the plaster can also be found in the device outside, but there are errors that are unique to the exterior. 1.Oshtukaturennaya surface often appears inhomogeneously colored, because the facade area is unequal to the surface water absorbing capacity, its plastered different layers in thickness, then plaster and dries unevenly. In order to prevent this defect acting on the surface of the brick wall of reinforced concrete beams cover any item of fired clay roof tiles for example, forming the same on the properties of the brick surface. The same process and outside surfaces of monolithic reinforced concrete bridges.

2. Make a mistake when you do not prepare the surface under plaster. The joints between the bricks do not cut into enough depth, concrete surface is left too smooth, not obespylivajut surface and do not moisturize it at the required level. For untreated surface of the plaster adheres poorly, the deposition of the 'Dutikow' and it falls off large areas. Similar defects are weak on surfaces. With that occur during reconstruction, when the plaster work is being done to old walls or on surfaces that are subjected to long-term effects of frost. Often make mistakes due to incorrect determination of the thickness of plaster. Too thin plaster can not hide the uneven surface of the wall and in contact with it quickly gets wet precipitation, and the facade through her show through the seams between the elements composing. Too thick plaster cracking during solidification. Through the cracks penetrating moisture and under the influence of cold plaster falling off the surface. 3.Oshtukaturivaniyu facade is not conducive to either very hot or very windy weather. Due to very rapid drying of the material shrinkage occur tension cracks, and the solution before reaching the necessary strength. In the crack gets wet, breaking the surface. If the work is carried out in the heat, it is necessary to obscure the plastered wall. 4.Rabotu on surface, which is plastered with one color, you must perform without interruption and to prepare material directly for the amount of work. If the material is not enough for the entire workload, the solution with the exact same make Kohler virtually impossible. As a last resort place of conjugation renders different batches should coincide with the angle of the wall. 5.Shtukaturka completely spoiled, if immediately after the freshly applied surface beats the wind and rain. Later it will not be able to withstand weathering, and the plaster will have to convert ..